Consequences of deforestation for women's time allocation, agricultural production, and nutrition in hill areas of Nepal

TitleConsequences of deforestation for women's time allocation, agricultural production, and nutrition in hill areas of Nepal
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication1988
AuthorsKumar, SK, Hotchkiss, D
Secondary TitleResearch report (International Food Policy Research Institute) no. 69
Number of Pages72
Date PublishedOctober 1988
PublisherInternational Food Policy Research Institute
CityWashington, DC
Keywordsagricultural productivity; deforestation; economic aspects; food supply; Nepal; time management; women agricultural laborers; women fuelwood gatherers

In this report, the cost in time spent collecting fuel is used as a measure of the consequences of deforestation; its effects on time allocation, agricultural output, food consumption, and nutrition are examined. In particular, the allocation of women's time is influenced because women are engaged not only in the collection of fuelwood and other essential forest products affected by deforestation - such as leaf fodder and grass for livestock feed - but also in agricultural production. According to the study's hypothesis, deforestation reduces agricultural output from existing cultivated land by increasing time spent in collecting essential forest products, which shifts time away from agriculture. As a result, household income from agriculture is reduced. Unless alternative sources of income increase, food consumption and eventually the nutritional status of the population will be adversely affected. Because livestock production is also an important part of household enterprise in these areas, the destruction of forests also influences this sector. A reduction in the availability of fodder used for stall feeding increases the pressure for grazing, which increases soil erosion on lands that are currently not under cultivation. Also, children who are involved in collection and livestock grazing activities may experience adverse effects on health and education, which would ultimately influence the region's prospects for raising the productivity of labor.


General Note: October 1988 Bibliography note: pp. 70-72

Research Notes

Local system: LIAS1491131 Local system: (OCoLC)18628702

Collection Topic: