Historical forces in world agriculture and the changing role of international development assistance

TitleHistorical forces in world agriculture and the changing role of international development assistance
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1988
AuthorsSchuh, GE
JournalAgriculture and Human Values
Date PublishedWin-Spr 1988
Keywordsdevelopment assistance; ecology; economic integration; economic policies; economics; education institution; ethics; famine; fisheries; food agricultural economics; gender; history; international development; production technology; rural development

The first part of this paper discusses five sets of forces that have had a major influence on world agriculture in the post-World War II period. These include:

  1. high rates of population growth in the developing countries
  2. a steady increase in economic integration world-wide, driven by technological breakthroughs in the communication and transportation sectors
  3. major realignments in the values of national currencies
  4. growing distortions in economic policies in both the industrialized and developing countries
  5. growing diffusion of new production technology from the industrialized to the developing countries.

The second part reviews the changing role of international development assistance in support of agriculture in light of these historical forces. Such assistance successively stressed the development of extension services, food aid, institutional development of higher level education institutions, the development of research capacity, and rural development.

A look to the future is the subject of the third part of the paper. This includes a discussion of the difficulties in sustaining U.S. foreign assistance, especially when that nation is letting its own economic house fall into such disarray.


This article from Agriculture and Human Values, 5 (1-2) listed independently.

Journal Abbreviation

Agric Hum Values


0889-048X; 1572-8366

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