Multipurpose trees and shrubs on farmlands in Tamil Nadu State (India)

TitleMultipurpose trees and shrubs on farmlands in Tamil Nadu State (India)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1986
AuthorsJambulingam, R, Fernandes, ECM
JournalAgroforestry Systems
Date PublishedMarch 1986
Keywordsagroforestry; agrosilvopasture; economic fallow; green manure; multipurpose trees; waste reclamation

Farmers in Tamil Nadu State integrate numerous species of multipurpose trees and shrubs on their farmlands in close association with agricultural crops and/or livestock. The dominant among them are Borassus flabellifer, Tamarindus indica, Ceiba pentandra, Acacia leucophloea and A. nilotica.

These woody perennials are better able to cope with poor growing conditions. Their increasing integration on farmlands represents a strategy to minimise risk of crop failure. Some species (e.g., Prosopis juliflora and Delonix elata) are deliberately used to ameliorate infertile or saline soils in order to permit the growing of annual crops. In addition to producing fuelwood, charcoal, fruit and fodder and providing many service functions, these species require only fewer inputs and give the farmer a choice of management options in the event of poor crop growth. The productivity of these traditionally managed and little-studied agroforestry systems can considerably be improved by scientific interventions.

Journal Abbreviation

Agroforest Syst


0167-4366; 1572-9680

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