Tree gardening and taungya on Java: Examples of agroforestry techniques in the humid tropics

TitleTree gardening and taungya on Java: Examples of agroforestry techniques in the humid tropics
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1982
AuthorsWiersum, KF
JournalAgroforestry Systems
Date PublishedMarch 1982
Keywordsagroforestry systems; gardening; Indonesia; Java; land ownership; private land; state forest; young tree

Agroforestry is a general concept for a land management system combining trees and agricultural crops. For application, various specific techniques can be chosen. Each of these techniques is adjusted to a specific set of environmental as well as socio-economic factors. Agroforestry cultivators or managers belonging to varying social strata and institutional groupings may practice different forms of agroforestry, even within the same general region. This is demonstrated on the basis of two contrasting types of agroforestry which are found on the Indonesian island of Java. Tree gardening or the cultivation of a wide variety of crops in a multiple-storeyed agroforestry system is an indegenous practice on private lands, while taungya or the intercropping of young tree plantations with staple crops is practiced on state forest lands. Both systems are described as to their management characteristics, past development as well as possibilities and constraints for further development. These two practices are then compared as to various attributes, like producer group, production purpose, area of cultivation, land ownership situation, structural organization of crop combinations, possibilities for improved cultivation techniques, and suitability for application in rural development for specific target groups.

Journal Abbreviation

Agroforest Syst


0167-4366; 1572-9680

Short TitleTree gardening and taungya on Java

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