Epistola de tolerantia
A letter concerning toleration (1689)

Locke’s concern for the toleration of religious dissent, for the interaction of individual conscience and public authority, was long-standing. In his early tracts on the civil magistrate, he had felt that the need for order in society justified the authority of the magistrate over matters indifferent to salvation. Under the influence of Shaftesbury and of his own investigations of the scope of certain knowledge, his emphasis changed. Without certainty in matters of religion, the conscience must be allowed liberty; the authority of the magistrate must be confined to preserving the existence of society and the safety and property of the citizen. Locke’s thoughts on this subject (as on so many others) matured during his stay in Holland, where his circle of friends consisted primarily of dissenters from the established church, such as the Remonstrant pastor and theologian, Philipp van Limborch. In 1686, Locke drafted a letter in Latin to his friend, which was published (probably by Limborch) in 1689.

The Latin Epistola

The Latin text has seldom been reprinted until recently, when Unesco sponsored a series of bilingual editions, including the Latin text and new translations from that text, edited by Raymond Klibansky.

 41

Epistola de tolerantia Ad clarissimum virum T.A.R.P.T.O.L.A. scripta à P.A.P.I.O.L.A. Goudæ, apud Justum ab Hoeve. MDCLXXXIX [1689]. 96 p. 12o.

Publication supervised by Limborch; it first appeared a few days before 26 April 1689.

According to Le Clerc, the initials signify “Theologiae Apud Remonstrantes Professorem, Tyrannides Osorem Limgurgium Amstelodamensem” and “Pacis Amico, Persecutionis Osore, Ioanne Lockio Anglo.” According to Limborch (in a letter to Lady Masham, 24 March 1704), “Limburgium Amstelodamensem” should be “Libertas Amantem.”

Reviews: J. Le Clerc, Bibliothèque universelle 15 (1689):402-412; H. Basnage de Beauval, Histoire des ouvrages des savans 6 (1689/90):20-26.

Y 1; J 1; C 13; Br 7; H&L 2941

*42

Joannis Lockii Epistola de tolerantia. Accedit Samuelis Strimesii, Pr. Th. De pace ecclesiastica dissertatio. Amstelodami, apud Janssonio-Waesbergios, MDCCV [1705]. 96, [14], 80 p. 12o.

Reprint of 1689 edition, with an additional work; publication arranged by Limborch; Epistola occupies the firstpart of the book (p. 1-96).

Unverified.

Y 2

  —

The Latin text was included in Thomas Hollis’s 1765 edition of the four Letters [Locke #93] and in the seventh edition of Locke’s Works (1768) [Locke #854].

Epistola de tolerantia.   Latin and English.

 43

A letter concerning toleration / John Locke ; Latin and English texts revised and edited with variants and an introduction by Mario Montuori. – The Hague : M. Nijhoff, 1963. – l, 123 p.

The Latin original and the Popple translation [Locke #51]; reprinted in: John Locke on toleration and the unity of God (1983). – p. iii-117.

Review: Times literary supplement. – 20 Aug. 1963:751.

H&W 264; T 6

 44

Epistola de tolerantia = A letter on toleration / John Locke ; Latin text edited with a preface by Raymond Klibansky ; English translation with an introduction and notes by J.W. Gough. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1968. – xliv, 171 p.

Review: Times literary supplement. – 2 May 1968:450.

H&W 267; T 7

Epistola de tolerantia.   Latin and French.

 45

Lettre sur la tolérance : texte latin et traduction française / John Locke ; édition critique et préface par Raymond Klibansky ; traduction et introduction par Raymond Polin. – Montréal : M. Casalini, 1964. – xcix, 110 p. – (Philosophie et communauté mondiale)

Also published: Paris : Presses universitaires de France, 1965; 1ère éd. revue. – Paris : Quadrige/PUF, ©1995. – xcix, 107 p. – (Quadrige ; 191). – ISBN 2-13-046248-0. – Unverified; 2e éd. – Paris : Quadrige/PUF, ©1999; 3e éd. – Paris : Quadrige/PUF, 2006.

LNL 4:21

Epistola de tolerantia.   Latin and Greek.

New

*45A

Επιστολή για την ανεξιθρησκία = Epistola de tolerantia / John Locke ; εισαγωγή, μετάφραση, σχόλια, Γιάννης Πλάγγεσης. – Θεσσαλονίκη : Ζήτρος, 1998.

Epistolē gia tēn anexithrēskia = Epistola de tolerantia / John Locke ; eisagōgē, metafrasē, scholia, Giannēs Plangesēs [introduction, translation and notes, Yannis Plangesis]. – Thessalonikē, Zētros, 1998. – 251 p.

ISBN 960-7760-24-7.

Unverified.

LNL 29:8

Epistola de tolerantia.   Latin and Italian.

 46

Lettera sulla tolleranza : texto latino e versione italiana / John Locke ; premessa di Raymond Klibansky ; introduzione di Ernesto de Marchi ; traduzione di Lia Formigari. – Firenze : La Nuova Italia, 1961. – xxxix, 108 p.

Italian text also published separately; see Locke #80.

Reviews: Cultura popolare. – apr. 1962:85-86; L. Arata, Storia e politica. – 1962:515-516; L. Formigari, Sedicesimo. – 1961:no.3-4:7-8; G. Russo, Scuola e città. – 1962:511-512.

LNL 4:18; M 44, 326, 330, 331, 333

Epistola de tolerantia.   Latin and Japanese.

*47

Epistola de tolerantia / John Locke ; [Latin text, edited by Raymond Klibansky ; Japanese translation, with a commentary, by A. Hirano]. – Tokyo, 1970. – lxxxiv, 120 p.

H&W 1983

Epistola de tolerantia.   Latin and Magyar.

 48

Levél a vallaśi türelemről : Latin szöveg és magyar fordítás / John Locke ; szövegkritika és előszó, Raymond Klibansky ; bevezetés, Mátrai László ; [a szóveget Halasy-Nagy József fordítasa alapján as eredetival egybevetette és átdolg. Gecse Gusztáv]. – Budapest : Akadémiai Kiadó, 1973. – 131 p. – (Filozófiai írók tára, új folyam ; 34. köt.). – (Philosophie et communauté mondiale)

Epistola de tolerantia. Latin and Polish.

 49

List o tolerancji : tekst łaciński i przekład polski / John Locke ; tłumaczył, Leon Joachimowicz ; przedmowa, Raymond Klibansky ; wstęp, Ernesto de Marchi ; redakcja wydania polskiego, Zbigniew Ogonowski. – [Krakowie] : Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1963. – xlii, 69, 69, 71-72 p. – (Filozofia i wspólnota światowa)

Latin & Polish on facing pages.

The introduction is a translation by Hanna Cierniak of De Marchi’s introduction to Locke #46.

Epistola de tolerantia. Latin and Spanish.

 50

Carta sobre la tolerancia : Latín-Castellano / John Locke ; traducción, introducción y notas de A. Waismann ; prólogo de R. Klibansky. – Montréal : M. Casalini, 1962. – xxxix, 120 p. – (Filosofía y comunidad mundial)

A letter concerning toleration

The Epistola de tolerantia was almost immediately translated into English and published in London. The translator was William Popple, a Unitarian merchant, who later became Locke’s friend. In his edition of the Epistola (Locke #43) and in a series of articles, Mario Montuori has argued that the Popple translation is in fact a new version made relevant to the predicament of English dissenters and that Locke was involved with and approved Popple’s work. Although there is little evidence on the latter point, it is true that it was the Popple translation which was attacked by Proast and others and which was defended by Locke, a point made by James Tully in the introduction to Locke #67. In this sense, it is certainly correct to say that Locke accepted the Letter as his own work.

 51

A letter concerning toleration: humbly submitted, &c. Licensed, Octob. 3. 1689. London, printed for Awnsham Churchill …, 1689. [8], 61, [3] p. 4o.

Translated by William Popple; all the English versions listed below are the Popple translation, unless otherwise noted.

Y 3; J 2; C 15; Wing L2747; H&L 2943

 52

A letter concerning toleration. Licensed, Octob. 3. 1689. The second edition corrected. London, printed for Awnsham Churchill … 1690. [4], 87, [5] p. 12o.

Y 4; J 3; C 15; T 8; Wing L2748; H&L 2942

 53

A letter concerning toleration. Written by Mr. Locke. Licensed, October 3d, 1689. [London?] Printed in the year M.DCC.XL. [1740]. 48 p. 8o.

Y 5

 54

A letter concerning toleration. By John Locke, gent. The third edition. Boston, printed and sold by Rogers and Fowle … 1743. 77, [3] p. 12o.

Y 6; Evans 5227

 55

A letter concerning toleration. By John Locke, Esq; A new edition. Glasgow: printed by R. Urie, M.DCC.LVII [1757]. xi, [2], 12-212 p. 12o.

Y 7; J 4; C 99; T 9

 56

A letter concerning toleration. By John Locke, Esq; The twelfth [sic] edition corrected. London: printed by R. Richards … MDCCLXII [1762]. 70 p. 12o.

Y 8

*57

A letter concerning toleration. By John Locke, Gent. The fourth edition. Wilmington [Delaware], printed and sold by James Adams …, 1764. 77, [3] p. 8o.

Unverified.

Y 9; Evans 9712

 58

A letter concerning toleration. By John Locke, Esq. A new edition. Published for the benefit of mankind. London: printed by J. Osborne and T. Griffin …, and J. Mozley, Gainsbrough. MDCCLXXXIV [1784]. 106, [2] p. 12o.

Y 10; J 5

 59

A letter concerning toleration. By John Locke, Esq. A new edition, with alterations. York: printed by Wilson, Spence and Mawman; for T. Wilson and R. Spence … Anno 1788. [3], vi-205, [3] p. 12o.

Y 11; J 5*; C 99

 60

A letter concerning toleration. By John Locke, Gent. The fourth edition. … Windsor [Vermont]: printed by Alden Spooner, for Joseph Thomson. M,DCC,LXXXVIII [1788]. 71, [1] p. 8o.

Y 12; J 6; C 99; Evans 21207

*61

[Subscriptions for an edition of A letter concerning toleration, to be published by Andrews, Stockbridge, Mass., were solicited in the Western Star on 27 April, 1790. See Evans 22622]

Y 13

 62

A letter concerning toleration. By John Locke, Esq. Huddersfield: printed for the editor, by J. Brook. 1796. [4], [1 leaf inserted], [1], 6-70 p. 12o.

Another issue: Huddersfield: printed and sold by J. Brook. 1796; lacks the inserted leaf (the editor’s preface) but includes a final leaf of advertisements. “Editor’s address” signed: Halifax, June 2, 1796. J. Cockin.

Y 14; J 7, 7a; C 99

 63

A letter concerning toleration. By John Locke, Esq. A new edition. London: printed by J. Crowder …, for J. Johnson … 1800. xii, 131, [1] p. 8o.

With a frontispiece “published by Thomas Tegg, … 1809.”

Y 15; J 8; C 99

 64

“A letter concerning toleration.” // IN: The millennial harbinger : a monthly publication devoted to primitive Christianity / conducted by A. Campbell. – 3rd series:1 (1844):12-17, 55-61, 105-109, 151-158, 250-253.

Edited by Alexander Campbell.

 65

The law of liberty : a letter on toleration / by John Locke ; with a life by the editor. – London : A. Cockshaw ; Edinburgh : Menzies ; Dublin : Gilpin, 1851. – xvi, 46 p. – (Buried treasures ; pt. 1)

“Memoirs of Locke” signed: C.R.E. London October 1851.

J 9; C 99

  —

A letter concerning toleration appeared in editions of the Second treatise by Morley in 1889 [Locke #123]; by Sherman in 1937 [Locke #124]; by Gough in 1946 [Locke #127]; and in v. 35 of The great books of the Western world [Locke #867].

 66

A letter on toleration / by John Locke ; with an introduction by Patrick Romanell. – New York : Liberal Arts Press, 1950. – 62 p.

Also: 2nd ed. – New York : Liberal Arts Press, 1955. – 63 p. – (The library of liberal arts ; no. 22). – Also published: Indianapolis : Bobbs-Merrill, [1955]

 67

A letter concerning toleration … / John Locke ; edited and introduced by James H. Tully. – Indianapolis, Ind. : Hackett, ©1983. – ix, 62 p. – (HPC classics series)

LNL 16:9

New

67A

“A letter concerning toleration.” // IN: John Locke, A letter concerning toleration, in focus / edited by John Horton and Susan Mendus … (1991). – p. 12-56.

New

67B

A letter concerning toleration and other writings / John Locke ; edited and with an introduction by Mark Goldie. – Indianapolis : Liberty Fund, ©2010. – xlvii, 208 p. – (The Thomas Hollis library).

Text based on the 2nd edition of Popple’ translation [Locke #52]

Contents.

Review article: J. Rose, “John Locke and the state of toleration” (2013)

ISBN 978-0-86597-790-9. 978-0-86597-791-4 (pbk.)

LS 11:6

New

67C

A letter concerning toleration / John Locke ; edited by Kerry Walters. – Peterborough, Ontario : Broadview Press, ©2013. – 130 pages. – (Broadview editions)

Based on the Popple translation; includes an introduction and “excerpts from writings on religious toleration by William Penn, Baruch Spinoza, Pierre Bayle, and Samuel von Pufendorf, as well as generous selections from the famous Locke-Proast debates …” [back cover]

ISBN 978-1-5548-1125-0.

Unverified.

  —

Popple’s translation was included in Locke #43, Locke #78, Locke #118+ and Locke #134+; an English translation by Gough was included in Locke #44; an English translation by Silverthorne was included in Locke #96+.

A letter concerning toleration.   Selections.

 68

“A letter concerning toleration” / John Locke. // IN: Approaches to the philosophy of religion : a book of readings / edited by Daniel J. Bronstein and Harold W. Schulweis. – Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice-Hall, 1954. – p. 386-399.

 69

“A letter concerning toleration” / John Locke. // IN: The heritage of freedom : essays on the rights of free men / edited by Wilfred S. Dowden and T.N. Marsh. – New York : Harper, ©1962. – p. 231-253.

Text from Gough 1946 [Locke #127]

  —

Selections from A letter concerning toleration were also included in Locke #148, Locke #161, and Locke #164.

Translations of Epistola de tolerantia

Epistola de tolerantia.   Chinese.

New

69+

论宗敎宽容 : 致友人的一封信 / 洛克著 ; 吳云贵译. – 北京 : 商务印书馆, 1982.

Lun zong jiao kuan rong : zhi you ren de yi feng xin / Luoke zhu ; Wu Yun'gui yi. – Beijing : Shang wu yin shu guan, 1982. – 2, 52 p.

Reprinted, 2009.

Unverified.

Epistola de tolerantia.   Czech.

New

69A

“Dopis o toleranci : kterýžto je překladem latinského Epistola de tolerancia” / John Locke ; přeložil Petr Horák. // IN: Filosofichý časopis. – 43 (1995):730-748.

For the introduction by Petr Horák (p.719-729), see entry in Chapter 6.

Also published: Dopis o toleranci / John Locke ; [předmluvu napsal, z anglického znêní … přeložil, poznámkami a ediční poznámkou opatřil Petr Horák]. – Vyd. 1. – Brno : Atlantis, 2000. – 103 p. – (Filosofie a svſtové společenství). – ISBN 80-71-08202-3. – Unverified.

Epistola de tolerantia.   Danish.

New

*69B

Et brev om tolerance / John Locke ; oversættelse, indledning og noter ved Mogens Chrom Jacobsen. – Frederiksberg : Det lille Forlag, 2003. – 111 p. – (Redaktion filosofi)

ISBN 87-9122-009-2.

Reprinted in 2013.

Unverified.

Epistola de tolerantia.   Dutch.

Rev.

*70

Een brief aangaande de verdraagzaamheit. Geschreven aan den zeer vermaarden Man T.A.R.P.T.O.L.A. van P.A.P.O.J.L.A. En nu uyt het Latijn vertaalt. Te Rotterdam, By Barent Bos, boekverkooper. 1689. 130, [2] p. 12o.

Mentioned by Limborch in letters of 16 and 30 Sept. 1689, and by Le Clerc in Bibliothèque universelle 15 (1690):412, and in Popple’s introduction to Locke #51.

Y 16

*71

    *71   [Another Dutch edition, published in Harlingen by Folkert van der Plaats in 1730, was advertised in the Leeuwarder courant, 5 April 1730; cited by J. van Abkoude, Naamregister (1788). Cf. Klibansky’s introduction to Locke #44, p. xxvii.]

Y 17

Rev.

*72

“Een brief aangaande de verdraagzaamheit.” Geschreven door Johannes Locke. Uit het Latyn vertaalt. Twede druk. // IN: Verzameling van eenige verhandelingen over de verdraagzaamheid en vryheid van godsdienst. Te Amsterdam, by Jacob ter Beek en Isaak Tirion, boekverkoopers. MDCCXXXIV [1734]. [16], 80, 60, 83, [1], 68 p. 8o. See p. 1-80 (first set of pagination).

Collection of works by Locke, G. Noodt, Barbeyrac, Hoadley, and J. Drieberge, edited by Tirion.

Y 18; Schoneveld 4

New

*72A

“Eerste brief over de verdraagzaamheid.” Geschreven door Joannes Locke. Uit het Latyn Vertaald. Derde Druk. // IN: De vryheid van godsdienst in de burgerlyke maatschappy betoogd en verdeedigd, uit het regt der nature en der volken, en uit de nature van den kristelyken godsdienst, door de zeer vermaande mannen Locke, Noodt, Barbeyrac, Hoadly en Drieberge. … Te Amsterdam, by Jan Dóll, MDCCLXXIV [1774]. [12], LXIX, [1], 452 p. 8o. See p. 1-82.

Reprint of Locke #72; the collection also contains a Dutch translation of the Second letter [Locke #87A]

Y 19; Schoneveld 5

New

*72B

Een brief over tolerantie / John Locke ; vertaling, inleiding en essay, Inigo Bocken. – Budel : Damon, 2004. – 125 p. – (Maginalia-reeks ; 9)

ISBN 90-5573-508-6.

Unverified.

Epistola de tolerantia.   French.

  —

An epitome and review of the Epistola by Le Clerc appeared in Bibliotheque universelle 15 (1689):402-412. A French translation (by Jean Le Clerc) appeared in Oeuvres diverses, 1710 [Locke #868] and 1732 [Locke #869], and in vol. 7 of Oeuvres philosophiques, 1825 [Locke #870]. Le Clerc’s translation was reprinted with Mazel’s translation of the Second treatise in 2014 [Locke #178+]. A new French translation by Raymond Polin appeared, together with the Latin original, in 1964 [Locke #45].

 73

“Lettre de Jean Locke sur la tolérance.” // IN: Traité sur la tolérance, augmenté d’une lettre de Jean Locke sur le même sujet. [Geneva?] M.DCC.LXIV [1764]. 204, 105-107, [1], 209-309, [3] p. 12o. See pages 209-309.

The Traité is by Voltaire; Locke’s text is based on the French collected works, probably the 1710 ed. [Locke #868]

Y 20

*74

Lettre sur la tolérance / présentation de Paul Vernière ; traduit du latin. – Genève : Slatkine, 1980. – 99 p. – (Ressources ; 92)

Reprint of tome 7 of Oeuvres philosophiques, 1825 [Locke #870]

Unverified; source: RBP 33:8354.

Also: Paris : Fleuron, ©1995. – 111 p. – (Fleuron ; 45). – ISBN 2-051-01423-X. – Unverified.

New

*74+

Lettre sur la tolérance / John Locke ; traduction par Jean Le Clerc ; (précédé de) Essai sur la tolérance (1667) et de Sur la différence entre pouvoir écclésiastique et pouvoir civil (1674) ; traduction par Jean-Fabien Spitz ; introduction, bibliographie, chronologie et notes par Jean-Fabien Spitz. – Paris : GF-Flammarion, ©1992. – 269 p. – (GF ; 686)

“Sur la différence …” [MS. Locke c. 27, fos. 29a-29b] is endorsed “Excommunication 1673/4.”

ISBN 2-08-070686-1.

Unverified.

Éd. rev. et augm. – Paris : GF/Flammarion, ©2007. – 269 p. – (GF ; 1332. Texte intégral). – ISBN 2-08-120727-3. – Unverified.

New

*74+

Lettre sur la tolérance / Locke ; trad. de l’anglais par Jean Le Clerc ; notes, révision de la traduction et postface de Patrick Thierry ; couverture et illustrations de Laurence Bériot. – [Paris] : Ed. Mille et une nuits, 1998. – 110 p. – (La petite collection / Mille et une nuits ; 206)

ISBN 2-842-05334-6.

Unverified.

New

*74+

“Lettre sur la tolérance (1689)” / John Locke ; texte traduit par Jean Le Clerc ; introduit et annoté par John Rogers ; introduction et notes traduites par Franck Lessay. // IN: Les fondements philosophiques de la tolérance en France et en Angleterre au XVIIe siècle / [sous la direction de] Yves Charles Zarka, Franck Lessay, John Rogers. – Paris : Presses Universitaires de France, 2002. – (Fondements de la politique. Série essais). – t. 2:180-232.

New

*74+

Lettre sur la tolérance / Locke ; notes et commentaires de Christine Courme-Thubert. – Paris : Nathan, 2003. – 127 p. – (Les intégrales de philo ; 40)

ISBN 2-0918-2526-3.

Unverified.

Epistola de tolerantia.   German.

 75

Herrn Johann Lockens Vormahlig-Königl. Engelländischen Staats-Bedientens Sendschreiben von der Toleranz, oder von der Religions- und Gewissens-Freyheit. Aus dem Lateinischen Exemplar übersetzt, und mit einigen nützlichen Anmerckungen erläutert. Gedruckt im Jahr Christi 1710. [12], 124 p. 8o.

Translated by Gottfried Olearius, based on both the original Latin and Popple’s English translation; preface dated 6 Jan. 1710.

Reprinted: (1) Aus neue gedruckt im Jahr Christi MDCCXIV [1714]; (2) Aus neue gedruckt im Jahr Christi MDCCXXIV [1724]; also reprinted in: Locke in Germany : early German translations of John Locke, 1709-61 / selected and introduced by Konstantin Pollok. – Bristol : Thoemmes Continuum, 2004. – vol. 1.

Y 21-22; C 100; T 10, 11

New

*75A

“Herrn Johann Lockens Vormahlig-Königl. Engelländischen Staats-Bedientens Sendschreiben, von der Toleranz, oder von der Religions- und Gewissens-Freyheit.” Aus dem Englischen ins Teutsche übersetzt. // IN: Die Rechtmäszigkeit, Nothwendigkeit und Nutzbarkeit der Toleranz und Gewissens-Freyheit, klärlich und kräfftig aus unterschiedenen über diese Materie verfertigten Schrifften erwiesen, und zum gemeinen Besten auffs Neue zusamen gedruckt, nebst einer Vorrede von dem Enfer in und über die Religion, und Anmerckungen über des gelehrten Hallensischen JCti und Professoris, Herrn Böhmers, anno 1726. gehaltene Dissertation von der Toleranz. … Hamburg und Leipzig, Bey Jonas Korten, anno 1728. 69, [3], 496 p.124 p. 8o. See p. 276-384.

Reprint of the 1710 or 1714 German edition, translated by Gottfried Olearius, but without the annotations.

Y 23

Rev.

*76

J. Locke über Duldung, eine Epistel, aus dem Englischen, den Herren Oberconsistorialräthen, Hermes, Hilmer und Woltersdorf gewidmet von dem Uebersetzer. Leipzig, in der Pottischen Buchhandlung. 1796. XII, 131, [1] p. 8o.

A new translation by an unknown translator.

Y 24

Rev.

*76A

[Christophersen mentions a German edition publishing in Halle in 1801.]

C 100

 77

Ueber Glaubens- und Gewissensfreiheit : ein Brief / von John Locke an Philipp von Limborch ; aus dem Englischen zum ersten Mal in das Deutsche übersetzt. – Braunschweig : in der Schulbuchhandlung, 1827. – 110 p.

C 100

 78

Ein Brief über Toleranz / John Locke ; übersetzt, eingeleitet und in Anmerkungen erläutert von Julius Ebbinghaus. – Hamburg : F. Meiner, ©1957. – xliv, 138 p. – (Philosophische Bibliothek)

Also: 2. verbesserte Auflage. – Hamburg : F. Meiner, 1966. – (Philosophie et communautés mondiale); reprinted in 1975, 1996.

Includes Popple’s English translation facing the German text.

H&W 263

Epistola de tolerantia.   Greek.

  —

A Greek translation by Y. Plangesis is included in Locke #45A.

Epistola de tolerantia.   Hebrew.

New

*78+

Igrot ’al ha-sovlanut / G‘on Loḳ ; tirgem mi-Laṭinit ume-Anglit Yoram Bronowsḳi ; hiḳdim Reimond Ḳlibansḳi ; ’arakh Ya’aḳov Golomb. – Yerushalayim : Hotsa‘at sefarim ’al shem Y.L. Magnes, ha-Universiṭah ha-’Ivrit, 1990. – 194 p.

ISBN 96-522-3746-9.

Unverified.

Epistola de tolerantia.   Italian.

 79

Epistola su la tolleranza / Giovanni Locke ; traduzione e studio introduttivo del Dr. Francesco A. Ferrari. – Lanciano : R. Carabba, 1920. – 158 p. – (Cultura dell’anima)

Includes “La separazione della chiesa dallo stato e l’incoercibilità della vita religiosa in Giovanni Locke : studio introduttivo” (p. 5-67)

Review: F. Momigliano, Italia che scrive. – 1920:153.

M 5, 105, 281

 80

Lettura sulla tolleranza / John Locke ; premessa di Raymond Klibansky ; traduzione di Lia Formigari ; introduzione e note di A. Sabetti. – Firenze : La Nuova Italia, 1963. – lxxiv, 94 p. – (Pensatori antichi e moderni ; 62)

A reprint of the Italian text of Locke #46.

  —

An Italian translation, by C.A. Viano, appeared in Locke #949.

[81]

“John Locke.” // IN: Religione / a cura di Mario Miegge. – See entry in chapter 6.

 82

“Incunaboli del separatismo liberale” / Locke. // IN: Stato e chiesa : da Locke alle “Guarentigie” / a cura di Tarcisio Amato. – Roma : Einaudi, ©1975. – (Itinerari liberali ; 1). – p. 11-36.

Selections from Viano’s translation [Locke #949].

M 274

 83

“L’Epistola de tolerantia” / di Locke. // IN: Il problema della tolleranza religiosa nell’età moderna : dalla riforma protestante a Locke / Massimo Firpo. – Torino : Loescher, ©1978. – (Documenti della storia ; 23). – p. 286-295.

  —

Selections in Italian from the Epistola are included in Locke #195A and #628B.

Epistola de tolerantia.   Japanese.

New

83+

寬容についての手紙 / ジョン・ロック著 ; 加藤節 ; 李静和訳. – 東京 : 岩波書店, 2018. – 183 pages. – (岩波文庫 ; 34-007-8)

Kan’yō ni tsuite no tegami / Locke John ; Katō Takashi ; Ri Seiwa. – Tōkyō : Iwanamishoten, 2018. – 183 pages. – (Iwanami bunko ; 34-007-8)

ISBN 978-4-0034-0078-4.

Unverified.

LS 19:11

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A Japanese translation by A. Hirano is included in Locke #47.

Epistola de tolerantia.   Magyar.

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A Magyar translation by J. Halasy-Nagy is included in Locke #48.

Epistola de tolerantia.   Polish.

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A Polish translation by L. Joachimowicz is included in Locke #49.

Epistola de tolerantia.   Portuguese.

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A Portuguese translation by A. Aiex & E.J. Monteiro is included in Locke #874.

New

*83+

Carta sobre a tolerância / John Locke ; [tradução de João da Silva Gama ; revista por Artur Morão ; capa de Jorge Machado Dias]. – [Lisboa : Edições 70, 1987]. – 133 p. – (Philosophie et communauté mondiale). – (Textos filosóficos ; 12)

Unverified.

Epistola de tolerantia.   Russian.

New

*83+

“Poslanie o veroterpimosti” Dzhona Lokka : tochki zrenii͡a / [pod redakt͡sieĭ M. B. Khomi͡akova ; per. s lat. N. A. Fedorova]. – Ekaterinburg : Izd-vo Ural´skogo un-ta, 2002. – 275 p. – (Tolerantnost´)

ISBN 5-7525-0605-0.

Unverified.

Epistola de tolerantia.   Spanish.

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A Spanish translation, by “Don M.V.M.,” is included in #774; a translation by A. Waismann is included in #50; a translation by Jorge Valdivieso Videla is included in #215A.

 84

Carta sobre la tolerancia / John Locke ; traducción de Maria Luengo de Valdes ; introducción de Pedro Bravo Gala. – Caracas : Instituto de Estudios Políticos, Facultad de Derecho, Universidad Central de Venezuela, 1966.

Also: 2a. ed. – Madrid : Tecnos, 1991. – liv, 71 p. – (Collección Clásicos del pensamiento). – ISBN 84-309-1135-9. – Unverified.

B 107

New

*84+

Sobre la tolerancia / John Locke ; traducción Ana Isabel Stellino. – México: Editorial Gernika, 1997. – 109 p. – (Clásicos ciencia política ; 23)

ISBN 97-0637-062-5.

Unverified.

New

*84+

Ensayo y carta sobre la tolerancia / John Locke ; traducción y prólogo de Carlos Mellizo. – Madrid : Alianza, 1999. – 123 p. – (El libro de bolsillo. Filosofía ; 4408).

Translations of “Essay on toleration” and Epistola de tolerantia.

ISBN 84-206-3983-4.

2a ed., 2014.

Unverified.

New

*84+

Escritos sobre la tolerancia / John Locke ; edición de Luis Prieto Sanchís, Jerónimo Betegón Carrillo. – Madrid : Centro de Estudios Constitucionales, 1999. – 151 p. – (Clásicos políticos)

ISBN 84-259-1089-7.

Unverified.

New

*84+

Carta sobre la tolerancia / John Locke ; traducción Román de Villafrechos ; introducción Leonidas Montes. – Madrid : J.A. Mestas, depósito legal 2001. – 125 p.

ISBN 84-953-1170-7.

Unverified.

New

*84+

Carta sobre la tolerancia (1689) ; Extractos de la Tercera carta para la tolerancia (1692) / John Locke ; estudio introductorio, traducción y notas de Emilio Martínez Navarro. – Madrid : Tecnos, ©2017. – 148 pages. – (Los esenciales de la filosofía)

ISBN 978-84-309-7083-4

Unverified.

LS 17:20

Epistola de tolerantia.   Swedish.

New

*84+

Lockes bref om religions friheten. Oversättning af Carl Deleen. Stockholm, tryckt hos Johan Pehr Lindh, 1793. [8], 84 p. 8o.

A selective translation.

Y 24.1

Epistola de tolerantia.   Turkish.

New

*84+

Hoşgörü üzerine bir mektup / J. Locke ; çeviren Melih Yürüşen. – Ankara : Liberal Düşünce Topluluğu, 1995. – xii, 58 pages.

Reprinted: (1) Ankara : Liberte Yayınları, 1998. – 69 pages. – (Liberte yayınları ; 20). – ISBN 978-97-568-7703-6. – Unverified; (2) Ankara : Liberte, 2004. – 85 pages. – (Liberte Yayınları ; 103). – ISBN 978-97-568-7703-6. – Unverified.

ISBN 97-568-7703-0.

Unverified.

Controversy over A letter concerning toleration

Locke’s Letter was immediately attacked in two anonymous pamphlets, the most significant of which was Jonas Proast’s Argument (March 1690). Locke’s own response was equally swift, and his Second letter appeared in June. Proast replied to Locke’s Second letter, with his Third letter concerning toleration (1691). Locke, in response, published A third letter for toleration the following year. Proast did not return to the attack until 1704, when he published his Second letter to the author of the three letters for toleration. Locke was defended by an anonymous author, probably John Shute Barrington, in the postscript to The rights of the Protestant dissenters. At the time of his death that same year, Locke had begun his own reply. The draft was published by his executors, Peter King and Anthony Collins, in 1706.

[85]

[Long, T.] The letter for toleration decipher’d … (1689)

[86]

[Proast, J.] The argument of the Letter concerning toleration, briefly consider’d and answer’d … (1690)

Locke, J.   A second letter concerning toleration.

 87

A second letter concerning toleration. Licensed, June 24. 1690. London: printed for Awnsham and John Churchill … M DC XC [1690]. [4], 68 p. 4o.

Signed: Philanthropus, May 27, 1690.

Review (with extracts in French): J. Le Clerc, Bibliothèque universelle 19 (1690):365-391; excerpts reprinted in Locke on toleration / edited by Richard Vernon (2010) – p. 67-107.

Y 25; J 10; C 17; Br 10; Wing L2755; H&L 2945

Locke, J.   A second letter concerning toleration.   Dutch.

New

*87A

“Tweede brief over de verdraagzaamheid.” Geschreven door Joannes Locke. // IN: De vryheid van godsdienst in de burgerlyke maatschappy betoogd en verdeedigd, uit het regt der nature en der volken, en uit de nature van den kristelyken godsdienst, door de zeer vermaande mannen Locke, Noodt, Barbeyrac, Hoadly en Drieberge. … Te Amsterdam, by Jan Dóll, MDCCLXXIV [1774]. [12], LXIX, [1], 452 p. 8o. See p. 83-224.

The collection also contains a Dutch translation of the Epistola [Locke #72A]

Y 26[/19]; Schoneveld 6

[88]

[Proast, J.] A third letter concerning toleration … (1691)

Locke, J.   A third letter for toleration.

 89

A third letter for toleration, to the author of The third letter concerning toleration. London, printed for Awnsham and John Churchill … MDCXCII [1692]. [4], 350, [2] p. 4o.

Signed: Philanthropus, June 20, 1692.

Review: H. Basnage de Beauval, Histoire des ouvrages des savans 10 (1693):24-39 [also reviews Proast’s Third letter …]

Y 27; J 11; C 18; Br 11; Wing L2765; H&L 2947

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Selections from Locke’s Third letter appeared with Ramsey’s abridgment of Reasonableness of Christianity, 1958 [Locke #656] and in Locke on toleration / edited by Richard Vernon (2010) – p. 123-163. A Spanish translation of selections from the Third letter appeared in a Spanish translation of the Letter (2017) [Locke #84+]

[90]

[Proast, J.] A second letter to the author of the three letters for toleration … (1704)

[91]

[Barrington, J. S.] The rights of Protestant dissenters … The second edition corrected and enlarg’d. With a postscript in defence of some passages in it, from the exceptions of a postscript to A second letter to the author of the three letters for toleration … (1705)

In the postscript to his Second letter, Proast had attacked the first edition of Barrington’s book (1704); in the postscript to his second edition, Barrington replies and defends Locke’s Letters.

Locke, J.   A fourth letter for toleration.

 92

“Part of a fourth letter for toleration, &c.” // IN: Posthumous works of Mr. John Locke … (1706) [Locke #724]. Pages 233-277.

Based on the draft in MS. Locke d. 4; a missing section was published in Lord King’s Life of Locke (1829) [Locke #895]

C 19; Br 50

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Extracts from Locke’s Fourth letter appeared in Locke on toleration / edited by Richard Vernon (2010) – p. 170-177.

Collected Editions of the Four
Letters concerning Toleration

All four of Locke’s letters were included in the 1st edition of his Works, 1714 [Locke #848] and appeared in all subsequent editions. In addition, the four letters on toleration have been published in the following collected editions:

 93

Letters concerning toleration. By John Locke. London, printed for A. Millar, H. Woodfall, J. Whiston and B. White, J. Rivington, L. Davis and C. Reymers, [and 15 others]. MDCCLXV [1765]. [8], 399, [1] p. + port. 4o.

Includes the Latin Epistola and the four Letters, including Popple’s translation of the Epistola; edited by Thomas Hollis and Richard Baron; the history of this edition is described in R. Blackburne, Memoirs of Thomas Hollis … (1780).

T 28; J 12; C 99; T 12

 94

Letters on toleration / by John Locke. – Bombay : printed by order of the University, at the Education Society’s Press, Byculla, 1867. – viii, 548 p.

Text from the 1812 edition of Locke’s Works [Locke #858].

J 13; C 99

 95

Four letters on toleration / by John Locke. – Reprint of the 7th ed., 1758. – London : A. Murray, 1870. – 400 p.

J 14; C 99-100

 96

Four letters on toleration / by John Locke. – London : Ward, Lock and Tyler, [1876]. – 400 p. – (The World’s library of standard books)

Reprint of the 1870 edition.

J 15; C 100

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Included in Ward, Lock’s Essays (1883?) [Locke #865] and Works (1899?) [Locke #866].

 96+

Locke on toleration / edited by Richard Vernon ; translation of A letter concerning toleration [from the Latin] by Michael Silverthorne. – Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University press, 2010. – xl, 179 p. – (Cambridge texts in the history of philosophy)

Contents.

Review article: J. Rose, “John Locke and the state of toleration” (2013)

ISBN 978-0-521-76419-3; 978-0-521-13969-4 (pbk.)

*96A

Letters concerning toleration / John Locke ; edited by Teresa Bejan with Nathan Pinkoski. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, in prospect. – 2 volumes. – (The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke)

Unverified; see The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke.

Letters concerning toleration.   Italian.

 97

Scritti sulla tolleranza / di John Locke ; a cura di Diego Marconi. – 1a ediz. – Torino : Unione Tipografico-Editrice Torinese, 1977. – 779 p.

Contains translations of the “Essay concerning toleration” and the four Letters, and an introduction by the editor (p.7-75)