The National Archives, Kew

The Shaftesbury papers

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 4


no. 175:

Letter from Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Ashley, 29 August 1669.

Superscription: Wimborn Saint Gyles | August 29th 1669

Salutation: Mr lock

Signature: Sir | Your most affectionate freind | Ashley.

Address: For his verey worthy Friend Mr John Locke at Bellvoir Castle These

Endorsement: Lord Ashley 29o Aug. 69

Answered by Locke on 2 September (missing).

Printed: De Beer, i. 234; Christie, Shaftesbury 2:35.

no. 176:

Letter from Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Ashley, 6 September 1669.

Superscription: September the 6th 1669

Salutation: Sir

Signature: your most affectionate and faithfull freind | Ashley

Address: For his very worthy Friend Mr John Locke at Belvoir Castle These

Endorsement: Lord Ashley. 6o Sept. 69.

Answers Locke’s letter of 2 September (missing).

Printed: De Beer, i. 235; Christie, Shaftesbury 2:36-37.

no. 177:

Letter from Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Ashley, 5 October 1669.

Superscription: London October 5th 1669

Salutation: Mr lock

Signature: your most assured freind | Ashley

Address: For his much Esteemed Friend Mr John Locke at Belvoir Castle near Grantham These Lincolneshire

Postmark: OC 6

Endorsement: L. Ashley. 5o Oct. 69

Printed: De Beer, i. 236; Christie, Shaftesbury 2:37.

no. 185:

Letter from Frances Manners, Countess of Rutland, 31 January 1670.

Superscription: Ja: 31, 69[/70]

Salutation: Worthey Sir

Signature: yours oblidged | FR

Address: For Mr Locke at Exeter house in the Strande These London

Postmark: FE 2

Endorsement: Countesse of Rutland 31 Jan. 69/70

Printed: De Beer, i. 242; excerpts in Bourne, Life, 1:205-206.

no. 190:

Letter from Frances Manners, Countess of Rutland, 27 August 1670.

Superscription: aug: 27

Salutation: worthey sir

Signature: … your faithfull servante | FR

Address: For mr lock

Endorsement: Countesse of Rutland 27. Aug. 70

Probably answers Locke’s letter of 23 August.

Printed: De Beer, i. 246; part in Bourne, Life, 1:206.

no. 191:

Letter from Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Ashley, 29 August 1670.

Superscription: August 29th 70

Salutation: Mr Lock

Signature: Sir | Your very affectionate friend to serve you | Ashley

Address: For your selfe.

Endorsement: Lord Ashley 29o Aug. 70

Answers a missing letter dated 27 August.

Printed: De Beer, i. 247; Christie, Shaftesbury 2:40-41; excerpt in Bourne, Life, 1:208-209.

no. 192:

Letter from Thomas Blomer, [August 1670].

Salutation: Dear Sir

Signature: I am <most affectionate friend and faithful servant | T. Blomer> [torn]

Address: These For Mr Locke at Exceter house in the Strand London

Endorsement: T. Blomer Aug. 70

Month from Locke’s endorsement; year from context.

Printed: De Beer, i. 244; quoted in Bourne, Life, 1:258.

no. 210:

Letter from Frances Manners, Countess of Rutland, 10 March 1671.

Superscription: mar: 10 / 70[/71]

Salutation: Sir

Signature: worthy sir | your faithfull servante | FR

Address: These For Mr: Locke att Exeter house in the Strande London

Postmark: MR 3

Endorsement: Countesse of Rutland 10o Mar: 70

Printed: De Beer, i. 252.

no. 217:

Letter from John Strachey, 19 January 1672.

Salutation: Sir

Signature: Sir | your very humble servant | Jo. Strachey | Janu 19 1671[/72]

Address: For Mr John Lock at Little Exceter House in the Strand London

Postmark: IA 22

Endorsements: Taxes; J Strachy 19o Jan 1671; Taxes on Land

The year is old style, i.e. 1671/72.

Printed: De Beer, i. 261; Goldie (ed.), Selected correspondence, pages 41-42; excerpts in Bourne, Life, 1:312.

no. 228:

Letter from William Allestree, 16 August 1672.

Superscription: Stockholme. Aug: the 16 s:v: 1672 [o.s.].

Salutation: Sir

Signature: your most oblig’d and most humble servant | Wm Allestree | Mr Lock.

Address: For Mr John Lock at Exeter house in the Strand London

Endorsement: W: Allestree 16 Aug. 72

Allestree travelled to Stockholm with Sir E. Wood, envoy estraordinary to Sweden, 1672-79.

Printed: De Beer, i. 263.

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 5


no. 254:

Letter from William Allestree, 14 July 1673.

Superscription: Stockholm: July the 14th :–73 [o.s.].

Salutation: Sir

Signature: your most oblig’d and ever obedient servant | Wm Allestree

Address: For John Lock Esq secretary to the Lord High Chancellor of England at Exeter house London

Endorsement: mr Allestree 14 Jul 73

Printed: De Beer, i. 273; excerpt in Bourne, Life, 1:321.

no. 263:

Letter from Dr. David Thomas, 29 September 1673.

Salutation: Deare Freind

Signature: your Freind and Servant | D Thomas | Sarum | Sept 29 73

Endorsement: D: Thomas 29 Sept 1673

Printed: De Beer, i. 278]

no. 275:

Letter from William Allestree, [7] January 1674.

Superscription: Stock: Jan<uary 7>th: 1674/5 [o.s.].

Salutation: Sir

Signature: … your most obedient servant Wm. Allestree

Endorsement: Mr. Allestree 7 Jan. 73/4

Page torn; date from Locke’s endorsement; answer to a letter from Locke dated 9 Oct 1673 (missing).

Printed: De Beer, i. 282; Bourne, Life, 1:321.

no. 279:

Letter from William Allestree, 23 September 1674.

Superscription: Stock: Sep: 23d, 1674.

Salutation: Sir

Signature: Sir | your most oblig’d and obedient humble servant | Wm. Allestree.

Address: These For John Lock Esq at Exeter house Strand London

Endorsement: Mr Alestry 23o Sept 74 | Received 19o Oct.

Answered a letter from Locke dated 14 April (missing).

Printed: De Beer, i. 292; excerpts in Bourne, Life, 1:321-323, 325-326.

no. 285:

Letter from William Allestree, 14 April 1675.

Superscription: Stockholm. April. 14th. 1675.

Salutation: Sir

Signature: Sir | your very much obligd and humble servant | Wm: Allestree.

Endorsement: W: Allestree 15 Apr. 74 [sic]

Printed: De Beer, i. 298; excerpts in Bourne, Life, 1:323-325.

no. 290:

Letter from W. Fanshawe, 14 September 1675 <damaged>

Superscription: Whitehall Tuesday the 14th. of September 75.

Salutation: Sir

Signature: Your most faithfull humble servant | W Fans<haw>

Address: F<or m>y worthy freind Mr Locke at the Earle of Shaftsburyes house at St Gyleses nere Cramborne in Dorsetshire

Endorsement: W: Fanshaw 14o Sept. 75

Related to a possible by-election for Dorset MP.

Printed: De Beer, i. 302.

no. 294:

Reasons against the Bill for the Test by the Earl of Shaftsbury (1675)

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 6


no. 360:

Letter to Thomas Stringer, 26 March 1681; copy in PRO 30/24/47, no. 21.

[printed De Beer, ii, pp. 390-391 (attributed tentatively to John Hoskins); printed in Christie, Shaftesbury vol. 2:cxii-cxv (attributed to Locke)]

no. 385:

English translation of a version of an epitaph for the first Earl of Shaftesbury.

no. 403:

Some Queries upon ye Statute of 3. H. 8 concerning errecting ye Pannels of Juries by Justices &c. [1681]

no. 410:

Letter from Lady Ann Howe, 15 January [1674?].

Superscription: Haddon jan: the 15.

Salutation: Good Sir

Signature: Sir | Your assured servant | Anne Howe

Address: These To Mr Locke at the Earle of Shafsburys att little Exceter House in the Strand to be sent as directed with care London.

Postmark: 1A 17

Endorsement: The Lady Anne How’s Letter

Year uncertain; tentative date by De Beer. Lady Anne Manners, youngest daughter of Lord Rutland and sister of Lady Ashley; eloped with Scrope Howe (1648-1713); died between 16882 and 1698.

Printed: De Beer, i. 283]

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 7


no. 493:

Letter from John Aubrey, 11 February 1673.

Salutation: Sir!

Signature: Sir | Your most humble servant | Jo: Aubrey. | Shrovetuesday, 1672. Essex.

Endorsement: Mr Aubrey Feb. 72

Aubrey and Locke both use the old-style year 1672[/3]; probably addressed to Locke.

Printed: De Beer, i. 268; L. F. Brown, Shaftesbury (1933), page 206; Cranston, “John Locke and John Aubrey” (1952), pages 383-384; Cranston, John Locke (1957), pages 151-152; Goldie (ed.), Selected correspondence, pages 44-45.

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 16


ff. 144-145:

Copy of The early history of the Shaftesbury family.

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 17


f. 157:

To Mr Greenhill with Cowleys Poems.

f. 285:

Copy of The early history of the Shaftesbury family.

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 22


no. 2:

Copy of letter from Lord Ashley, later 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury to Locke, 26 March [1692]; original in MS. Locke c. 7, ff. 91-92.

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 30


no. 30
part 1:

Copy by Sylvester Brounower of Locke’s notes on the Licensing Act of 1662 [1695?]

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 42


no. 59.

A guardbook in which are mounted papers relating to Locke’s employment as Secretary for Presentations to Lord Chancellor Shaftesbury. Most of the documents are either petitions for livings in the King’s gift of lists of livings compiled by Locke. Most are copies in Locke’s hand.
77 leaves.


ff. 26-27:

Letter to Nathaniel Lye, 1 July 1673.

[not in De Beer; to appear in the Index volume as 270A]

f. 51:

Letter from Francis Gwyn, [October 1673].

[not in De Beer; to appear in the Index volume as 279A]

ff. 56-57:

Letter from Griffith Jones, [1673].

[not in De Beer; to appear in the index volume as 280A]


no. 62.

A small volume in an 18th-century [?] binding, containing Memoirs relating to the Life of Anthony First Earl of Shaftesbury and related documents.


f. 1:

Notes by John Forster, dated 17 March 1862, describing the Memoirs.

ff. 2-5:

Blank leaves of 19th-century paper.

ff. 6-7:

Two blank leaves of 17th-century paper.

f. 8:

Three draft letters by Shaftesbury written during his imprisonment in the Tower in 1677; there is a note by W. D. Christie stating that the letters were written towards the end of 1677, probably in November. On the recto is a letter to Charles II; on the verso are letters to the Duke of York and an unidentified peer.

ff. 9-15:

Memoirs relating to the Life of Anthony First Earl of Shaftesbury.
Locke’s Latin epitaph for Shaftesbury appears on f. 10v.

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 47

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 48


no. 82:

Letter from Sir Peter Colleton, [early summer 1671?].

Salutation: Sir

Signature: Your most faithfull frend and servant | P Colleton | Thursday

Address: To my honoured frend Jr John Lock present

Colleton calls Locke’s attention to John Ogilby’s intention to publish “a relation of the West Indies” and suggests that Locke supply maps and other information relating to Carolina, as an inducement to settlers. An article on “Carolina” appeared in the America volume of Ogilby’s Atlas in 1671, based on information supplied by Locke and possibly written by him.

On blank pages of the letter are notes by Locke headed “Writers of Carolina”, listing sources for information relating to Carolina.

Printed: De Beer, i. 254; Bourne, Life, 1:244-245; South Carolina Historical Society, Collections, 5 (1897):264-266 (with Locke’s notes on “Writers of Carolina”); calendared in C.S.P. Col. vol. 7:no. 714.

no. 88:

Letter to Captain Richard Kingdon, 29 April 1672.

Superscription: Exeter house Apr 29: 72

Salutation: Capt Kingdon

Signature: Sir | Your most humble servant | J Locke

Address: For Captain Kingdon at the Excise office in B<ro>ad street [torn]

Endorsement (not by Locke): Mr. Lock Letter the 29th. of Aprill about Caralne business 1672

Printed: De Beer, i. 262; South Carolina Historical Society, Collections, 5 (1897):392; calendared in C.S.P. Col. 7:no. 810.

no. 90:

Letter from Sir Peter Colleton, 28 May 1673.

Superscription: Barbados this 28th of may 1673

Salutation: My deare frend

Signature: your faithfull frend and servant | mr Lock

Address: To John Lock Esquire at little Exeter howse in the Strand London.

Endorsements: Bahama; Sir Peter Colleton to JL 28o May. 73

Colleton sent this letter on HMS St. David [see De Beer i. 275]

Printed: De Beer, i. 270; South Carolina Historical Society, Collections, 5 (1897):422-424; excerpts in Bourne, Life, 1:288; calendared in C.S.P. Col. vol. 7:no. 1103]

no. 91:

Letter from Joseph West, 28 June 1673.

Salutation: Sir

Signature: Sir, your Most humble servant to Command | Joseph West | Charles Towen one Ashly river | June 28th: (73

Address: To John Locke Esquire at Littell Exeter house In the Strand present London

Endorsements: Carolina; Jos: West to JL 28o Jun 73

Printed: De Beer, i. 272; South Carolina Historical Society, Collections, vol. 5 (1897):424-425; calendared in C.S.P. Col. 7:no. 1113]

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The Shaftesbury Papers – Bundle 49


no. 3:

Letter from Sir Peter Colleton, 12 August 1673.

Salutation: Sir

Signature: your very faithfull frend and humble servant | P Colleton | Barbados this 12th of August 1673

Address: To my honnoured frend mr John Lock at my Lord Chancellors present London.

Endorsement:s Medicina; Sir Pet: Colleton 12 Aug. 73; Tar and Tarara root

Printed: De Beer, i. 275; Goldie (ed.), Selected correspondence, pages 45-46; excerpts in Bourne, Life, 1:326-327.


no. 5:

Letters from various correspondents.

ff. 54-55:

Letter from Isaac Rush, 15 July 1673.

Superscription: Newe Providence the 15th of the 5th moneth caled Ju<ly> [torn]

Salutation: Doctor Lock

Signature: Thy friend to serve the in any office of love | Isaac Rush

Address: These To Doctor John Lock present

Endorsements:: Bahama; Isac Rush to JL 15o Jul. 73

Printed: De Beer, i. 274; quoted in Bourne, Life, 1:293.

ff. 56-57:

Letter from Richard Lilburne, 6 [August] 1674.

Superscription: Providence the 6th Ao 1674

Salutation: Sir

Signature: Your <     humbl>e servant | <Richar>d Lilburne. [torn]

Address: For Mr: Johbn Locke at Exceter-house in London

Endorsement: R. Lilburne 6 Aug. 74

Locke sent a copy of Lilburne’s account of a poisonous fish to Henry Oldenburg on 20 August 1675; Oldenburg read the account to the Royal Society on 27 May, and it was published in the Philosophical Transactions.

Printed: De Beer, i. 290; excerpt in Bourne, Life, 1:328-329.

ff. 60-61:

Letter from Isaac Rush, 10 August 1674.

Superscription: New Providence the 10th of the 6th Month caled August 74

Salutation: Doctor Locke

Signature: thy Loving friend | Isaac Rush

Endorsements: 1 (by Locke): Bahama; 2 (by another hand): New Providence Aug 10th 1674 Isaac Rush to Dr John Locke

Printed: De Beer, i. 291 (part not printed)

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