The National Archives, Kew

The Shaftesbury papers – Bundle 47

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no. 1:

An essay concerning toleration (1667): A fair copy by an unknown scribe at an uncertain date; three other versions of this paper exist.


no. 2:

A guardbook in which are mounted miscellaneous medical papers, beginning with a series of documents related to Lord Ashley’s operation, 1668.
Note that the volume has been rebound since it was used by Dewhurst and others, and their folio numbers may not coincide with the current numbers.

ff. 1-30:

Papers relating to Lord Ashley’s case (May-November 1668)

A full set of documents relating to Lord Ashley’s operation and convalescence survive in the Shaftesbury papers. These are now collected at the beginning of PRO 30/24/47/2 and are separately described below.

ff. 1-2:

Sir George Ent’s case notes (12 June-25 July 1668)

f. 3:

Dr. Francis Gilsson’s answers to Lord Ashley’s queries (26 September 1668)

ff. 4-5:

Letter from Sir Thomas Strickland to Sir Gilbert Talbot (26 October 1668)

f. 6:

Letter from John Arnold to [Ashley?] (24 November 1668)

f. 7:

Letter from Thomas Bankes (6 November 1668)

ff. 8-9:

Dr. Timothy Clarke’s answers to Lord Ashley’s queries [1668]

ff. 10-11:

Dr. Thomas Sydenham’s advice [1668]

ff. 12-13:

Locke’s answers to Lord Ashley’s queries [1668]

ff. 14-15:

Locke’s case report (1668/1669)

Enclosed with Locke’s letter to De Briolay de Beaupreau (f. 18)

ff. 16-17:

Lord Ashley’s queries with Dr. John Micklethwaite’s answers [1668]

f. 18:

Letter to De Briolay de Beaupreau, [late 1668/early 1669].

Endorsement: A Monsieur l’Abbé de Beaupreau a Angers. 68.

Latin draft of a covering letter for Locke’s report on Lord Ashley’s case; answered in de Briolay de Beaupreau’s letter to Mr. Browne. Formerly mounted as f. 48.

Printed: De Beer, i. 230.

ff. 19-30:

Locke’s case notes (June-November 1668)

ff. 31-38:

Anatomia (1668)

ff. 40-41:

Copy of a translation of a letter from De Briolay de Beaupreau to —— Browne, April 1669.

Salutation: Sir

Signature: Your most humble servant | De Briolay de Beaupreaux

Endorsements: (by the copyist) Monsieur de Beaupreaux his letter to Mr Browne translated into English; (by Locke) Beaupre Apr. 69 Lord Ashleys case and My Lord Ashleys case. 69

Answers Locke’s letter of the previous year.

Printed: De Beer, i. (231); Anstey & Pricipe, “John Locke and the case of Anthony Ashley Cooper”, pages 494-495.

ff. 42-43:

Letter from Dr. David Thomas, 19 October 1669.

Salutation: Deare Freind

Signature: your true Freind | D. Thomas | Sarum | Oct. 19. 69.

Address: For Mr John Locke These Leave these with the Lord Ashleys porter at Little Exceter house in the Strand London

Endorsements: D.T. 19 Oct. 69; Antimonium; Tincture [antimony].

Printed: De Beer, i. 237 (ff. 27-28); excerpts printed in Bourne, Life, 1:249-250.

ff. 44-45:

Letter from Dr. David Thomas, [ca. 18 November 1669].

Salutation: Deare Freind

Signature: I am | your faithfull Freind | D. Thomas

Address: For mr John Locke These. Leave these with the Lord Ashleys porter at little Exceter house in the Strand London

Endorsements: D. Thomas Nov. 69; Antimonij Tinctura et Bals.

Date based on the postmark and endorsement.

Printed: De Beer, i. 238 (ff. 29-30); excerpts printed in Bourne, Life, 1:250.

f. 46:

Letter to [Margaret Beavis?], [December 1669?].

Endorsements: J Lo To Dor 69.

Date based on the postmark and endorsement; answered on 14/24 January 1670.

Printed: De Beer, i. 239 (f. 37); Bourne, Life, 1:251-252.

ff. 47-56:

De arte medica (1669)

f. 57:

Smallpox Preface 70 (1670)

ff. 58-59:

Draft letter from [Lord Ashley] and Locke to De Briolay de Beaupreau, 20 January 1671.

Signature: Servus tuus quam humillimus | J L | 20 Jan. 70/1

Endorsement: A. Mr Beaupre 71; Lord Ashleys case

In Latin; draft of a letter from Locke and a cover letter from Lord Ashley.

Printed: De Beer, i. 250; Goldie (ed.), Selected correspondence, pages 39-40; Anstey & Pricipe, “John Locke and the case of Anthony Ashley Cooper”, pages 496-503.

ff. 60-69:

Epistle and Preface to Sydenham on Smallpox [1670]?

ff. 71-74:

Respirationis usus (1666)

ff. 75-78:

Tussis [1668-1670?]

ff. 79-80:

Letter from Dr. Thomas Sydenham, [ca. November 1674?].

Signature: T: S.

Address: For Mr. Locke

Endorsement: Dr Sydenham

Date suggested by De Beer.

Printed: De Beer, i. 295; Goldie (ed.), Selected correspondence, page 48-49; excerpts printed in Bourne, Life, 1:334-335; most printed in Dewhurst, “Sydenham’s letters to John Locke” (1955), page 315; and in Dewhurst, Dr. Thomas Sydenham (1966), pages 167-168.

ff. 81-82:

Lord Ashley’s queries with Sir George Ent’s answers [1668]




no. 9:

Letter from Mrs. Margaret Blomer, 12 September 1670.

Salutation: My Deare brother

Signature: Your most affectionate sister | M: B: | Petworth the 12th September 1670

Endorsement: M B 12o Sept 70

Printed: De Beer, i. 248; excerpts in Bourne, Life, 1:261-262.


no. 10:

Letter from Margaret Blomer, 23 September 1670.

Superscription: Petworth the 23d: september 1670

Salutation: My Deare brother

Signature: Your most affectionate sister | M: B:

Address: For Mr: Locke at Little Exceter_house, In the strand London:

Endorsement: Mrs Blomer 23 Sept. 70

Printed: Beer, i. 249; part in Bourne, Life, 1:263.


no. 11:

Letter from Frances Manners, Countess of Rutland, 7 March [1671]

Superscription: Mar: 7

Salutation: Worthy Sir,

Signature: Sir | your much oblided freind and servante | FR

Address: To Mr Locke at Exeter House in the Strand London this.

Postmark: MR 10

Endorsement: Countesse of Rutland 7o Mar: 70/1

Printed: De Beer, i. 251; excerpts in Christie, Shaftesbury 2:39 n.; and in Bourne, Life, 1:206-207.


no. 12:

Letter from Lady Dorothy Ashley, 1 [July 1671]

Salutation: Good Sir

Signature: Good Sir | Your most oblidg’d friend to serve you | Dor Ashley | the 1

Address: This For mr Lock att Exeter House in the Strand London; [added in another hand] to mr Lock private

Endorsement: Lady Dorothy Ashley 1o Jul. 71

The missing parts of the date from Locke’s endorsement.

Printed: De Beer, i. 255; Christie, Shaftesbury :38.


no. 13:

Letter from Mrs. Margaret Blomer, 10 July 1671.

Superscription: <Pe>tworth the 10th. July 1671 [part covered by seal]

Salutation: Deare Brother

Signature: Your affectionate sister: | M Blomer

Address: For Mr. Locke at Little Exeter house in the strand These London.

Endorsement: M Blomer 10o Jul. 71

Printed: De Beer, i. 256; excerpt in Bourne, Life, 1:266.


no. 14:

Letter from Margaret Cooper, Lady Ashley, 14 July [1671]

Superscription: Petworth 14th. July

Salutation: Good Sir,

Signature: Your faithfull frend to serve you | M. Ashley

Address: for Master Locke.

Endorsement: Lady Ashley 14o Jul. 71

Year from Locke’s endorsement.

Printed: De Beer, i. 257; Christie, Shaftesbury 2:40.


no. 15:

Letter from Lady Dorothy Ashley, 15 [July 1671]

Superscription: the 15

Salutation: Good Sir

Signature: Good Sir | your most oblidg’d friend and servant | Dor Ashley

Address: For Mr Lock att Exeter House in the Strand London

Endorsement: Lady D. Ashley 15o Jul. 71

The missing parts of the date from Locke’s endorsement.

Printed: De Beer, i. 258; Christie, Shaftesbury 2:39 (without postscript)


no. 16:

Letter from Mrs. Margaret Blomer, 17/27 December 1672.

Superscription: Aix the 27th. December 1672

Salutation: Deare Brother,

Signature: Your affectionate sister and humble servant | M: Blomer.

Address: For My Brother Locke at My Lord Chancellours.

Endorsement: Mr. Blomer 27 Dec. 72

Printed: De Beer, i. 267; excerpts in Bourne, Life, 1:314-315]


no. 17:

Letter from William Allestree, 16 June 1673 [o.s.]

Superscription: Stockholm. June the 16th: 1673.

Salutation: Sir

Signature: Sir | your most devoted servant | Wm: Allestree

Address: For John Lock Esquire Secretary to my Lord High Chancellor of England London.

Endorsement: Mr. Wm Allestree 16 Jun. 73

Printed: De Beer, i. 271; excerpts in Bourne, Life, 1:320.


no. 18:

Letter from John Strachey, 10 February 1674.

Salutation: Sir

Signature: Sir | Your most humble Servant | Jo: Strachey

Address: For Mr John Locke at Exeter-house in the Strand London

Endorsement: Mr Strachy 10 Feb 73/4

Answers Locke’s letter of 17 or 18 January.

Printed: De Beer, i. 286; Bourne, Life, 1:329-330.


no. 19:

Letter from William Allestree, 2 February 1674.

Superscription: Stockholm: Feb: 2d. 1673/4 [o.s.].

Salutation: Sir

Signature: Sir | your most humble servant | Wm: Alte

Address: For John Lock esquire at Exeter-house in the Strand London.

Endorsement: Mr. Allestree 16 Feb. 73/4

The date in Locke’s endorsement may be the date of receipt.

Printed: De Beer, i. 285; cited in Bourne, Life, 1:321.


no. 20:

Letter from [Margaret Beavis?], 14/24 January 1670.

Superscription: [Blois?] <Janu>ary <th>e 24th: 70/69

Salutation: My De<are> brother:

Signature: Your faithfull <and> most affection<ate> | B D:

Address: For Mr: Locke at Exeter house In the Strand These.

Endorsement: D 24o Jan 69/70

The letter is badly damaged; the identity of the writer is based on Letter #241; answers Locke’s letter of [December 1669?]; and answered by Locke on 27 January.

Printed: De Beer, i. 240; Bourne, Life, 1:253-256.


no. 21:

Copy of letter from [John Hoskins?] to Thomas Stringer, 26 March 1681. Original in Public Record Office, PRO 30/24/6B, no. 360.
[De Beer, ii, pp. 390-391]


no. 23:

Copy or draft of letter from Thomas Stringer to Locke, 30 April 1681. Original in MS. Locke c. 19, ff. 155-158.
[De Beer, iii. 1045; printed from the copy in Rand (ed.), The correspondence of John Locke and Edward Clarke (1927), pp. 262-267]


no. 24:

Letter from Peter King to the Third Earl of Shaftesbury, dated 9 December 1704, informing his Lordship of Locke’s Memoirs relating to the Life of Anthony First Earl of Shaftesbury.


no. 30:

A guardbook in which are mounted miscellaneous papers.
63 leaves

f. 10:

Postscript to letter from Henry Townshend, 4 February 1662[/63].

Consists of accounts; the letter itself is in MS. Locke c. 22, f. 15.

Dated: 4o Febr. 62

Endorsement: Account | Townshend 62

Printed: Bourne, Life, vol. 1:87; De Beer, i. 155 (not printed; to be printed in vol. ix).

ff. 32-35:

Selecting the grand jury [1681]

f. 45:

Queries on Scottish church government (1668)


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