Nineteen Eighty-Four

TitleNineteen Eighty-Four
Year for Search1949
Authors[Blair], [Eric](1903-1950)
Tertiary AuthorsGeorge Orwell [pseud.]
Date Published[1949]
PublisherSecker & Warburg
Place PublishedLondon
KeywordsEnglish author, Male author
Annotation

Classic repressive totalitarian dystopia. The author’s original title was The Last Man in Europe. A novel on Orwell writing Nineteen Eighty-Four is Dennis Glover, The Last Man in Europe. New York: Overlook Press, 2017.

Additional Publishers

Rpt. as vol. 9 of The Complete Works of George Orwell. Ed. Peter Davison. London: Secker & Warburg, 1987 with a “Textual Note (327-41). US ed. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., 1949. Edition With a Critical Introduction and Annotations by Bernard Crick. Oxford, Eng.: Clarendon Press, 1984 with the “Introduction” (1-154), the “Annotations to the Text” (429-49), and an ”Index to Orwell’s Text” (456-60). Collector’s Edition illus. Frank Kelly Freas with an “Introduction” by James Gunn (iii-xiii). Norwalk, CT: The Easton Press, 1992. Centennial edition New York: Harcourt Brace, 2003, with a “Foreword” by Thomas Pynchon (vii-xxvi) and an “Afterword” by Erich Fromm (324-37) originally published in 1984 (New York: Signet Classics, 1961) 257-67. A dramatized version was published as George Orwell’s 1984. A Play in Three Acts. Adapted by Robert Owens, Wilton E. Hall, Jr. and William A. Miles, Jr. Chicago, IL: Dramatic Publishing, Inc., 1963. See also Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Facsimile of the Extant Manuscript. Ed. Peter Davison. San Diego, CA: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich/Weston, MA: M & S Press, 1984.

Info Notes

Films were directed by Michael Anderson with the text adapted by Ralph Gilbert Bettison and William Templeton in 1956 and adapted and directed by Michael Radford in 1984. A multi-media version with a scenario by Johanna Mercer and directed by Christopher Newton was first presented at the Shaw Festival, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada September 18, 1984. Another adapted by Pavel Kohout. Trans. Jiri Zizka and Michael Ladenson was first presented at the Joyce Theatre, New York, in July 1987. See the review in The New York Times (July 22, 1987). An opera version by Loren Maazel opened at the Royal Opera House, London, March 3, 2005. In addition, there have been a number of other radio, TV, and theatre adaptations.

Title Note

The author’s original title was The Last Man in Europe. While many editions and reprints have the title in numbers, he insisted that it be spelled out.

Pseudonym

George Orwell [pseud.]

Holding Institutions

DLC, HRC, MoU-St, PSt

Author Note

(1903-50)

Full Text

[1949] [Blair, Eric] (1903-50). Nineteen Eighty-Four. By George Orwell [pseud.]. London: Secker & Warburg. Rpt. as vol. 9 of The Complete Works of George Orwell. Ed. Peter Davison. London: Secker & Warburg, 1987 with a “Textual Note (327-41). U. S. ed. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., 1949. Ed. With a Critical Introduction and Annotations by Bernard Crick. Oxford, Eng.: Clarendon Press, 1984 with the “Introduction” (1-154), the “Annotations to the Text” (429-49), and an “Index to Orwell’s Text” (456-60). Collector’s Ed. illus. Frank Kelly Freas with an “Introduction” by James Gunn (iii-xiii) [Rpt. in Gunn, Paratexts: Introductions to Science Fiction and Fantasy (Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2013), 45-51] Norwalk, CT: The Easton Press, 1992. . Centennial edition New York: Hsrcourt Brace, 2003, with a “Foreword” by Thomas Pynchon (vii-xxvi) and an “Afterword” by Erich Fromm (324-37) originally published in 1984 (New York: Signet Classics, 1961), 257-67.  A dramatized version was published as George Orwell’s 1984. A Play in Three Acts. Adapted by Robert Owens, Wilton E. Hall, Jr. and William A. Miles, Jr. Chicago, IL: Dramatic Publishing, Inc., 1963. See also Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Facsimile of the Extant Manuscript. Ed. Peter Davison. San Diego, CA: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich/Weston, MA: M & S Press, 1984. Films were directed by Michael Anderson with the text adapted by Ralph Gilbert Bettison and William Templeton in 1956 and adapted and directed by Michael Radford in 1984. A multi-media version with a scenario by Johanna Mercer and directed by Christopher Newton was first presented at the Shaw Festival, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada September 18, 1984. Another adapted by Pavel Kohout. Trans. Jiri Zizka and Michael Ladenson was first presented at the Joyce Theatre, New York, in July 1987. See the review in The New York Times (July 22, 1987). An opera version by Loren Maazel opened at the Royal Opera House, London, March 3, 2005. In addition, there have been a number of other radio, TV, and theatre adaptations. While many editions and reprints have the title in numbers, Orwell insisted that it be spelled out. DLC, HRC, MoU-St, PSt

Classic repressive totalitarian dystopia. The author’s original title was The Last Man in Europe. A novel on Orwell writing Nineteen Eighty-Four is Dennis Glover, The Last Man in Europe. New York: Overlook Press, 2017.