Obituaries and first biographical sketches (1705-1709)

Locke died at Oates on 28 October 1704. His last days were described by Pierre Coste, who was present, in a letter published in Nouvelles de la république des lettres for February 1705. Other obituaries appeared later the same year, as did the first article in a biographical dictionary [Locke #692; perhaps by Lady Masham]. The most estensive biographical notice, however, and the basis for subsequent biography down to 1829, was the “Eloge de feu Mr. Locke.” The author was Locke’s friend Jean Le Clerc, who based his work on his own extensive acquaintance with Locke and on letters from Lady Masham and the third Earl of Shaftesbury. The final item in this section is a collection of poems by Isaac Watts, three of which dealt with Locke.

[689]

[Boyer, A.] “Mr. Locke’s death.” // IN: The history of the riegn of Queen Anne, digested into Annals. Year the third. (1705)

[690]

[Jones, D.] “Mr. Locke’s death.” // IN: A compleat history of Europe: ir, A view of the affairs thereof, civil and military, for the year 1704. (1705)

[691]

Le Clerc, J. “Eloge de feu Mr. Locke.” // IN: Bibliothèque choisie, pour servir de suite à la Bibliothèque universelle. (1705)

[692]

[Anonymous]. “Locke (John).” // IN: A supplement to the great historical, geographical, genealogical and poetical dictionary. (1705)

[693]

Watts, I. Horae lyricae. Poems, chiefly of the lyric kind. (1706)

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul (1705-1707)

Before his death, Locke wrote instructions for his cousin and heir Peter King regarding certain unpublished works. The first of these posthumous publications to appear was a set of “paraphrase and notes” on the Epistles of St. Paul, the fruits of Locke’s biblical studies during his later years and of his disputes with Edwards and Stillingfleet. The paraphrases of each of the five Epistles were brought out separately between 1705 and 1707, then reissued with a collective title page and an introductory essay in which Locke explained his method of reading and interpreting St. Paul. A paraphrase and notes was frequently reprinted during the eighteenth century and had several imitators. The “Essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles” – which Locke wrote as an introduction to the work – was also reprinted, both by itself and with other works.

Galatians.

 694

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Galatians. London, printed for Awnsham and John Churchill, …, 1705. [4], 42, [2] p. 4o.

Review: J. Bernard, Nouv.Rep.Lettres (1705)

Y 277; C 75

 695

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Galatians. The second edition. London, printed for Awnsham and John Churchill, …, 1706. [4], 43, [1] p. 4o.

Y 278

 696

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Galatians. The third edition. London, printed for Awnsham and John Churchill, …, 1708. [4], 43, [1] p. 4o.

Y 279; C 75

 697

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Galatians. The third edition. London: printed for William Churchill, … 1718. 47, [1] p. 4o.

Y 280; C 75

I Corinthians.

 698

A paraphrase and notes on the first Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians. London, printed for Awnsham and John Churchill, …, 1706. [4], 107, [1] p. 4o.

Y 281; C 75

 699

A paraphrase and notes on the first Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians. London: printed for William Churchill … 1718. 108 p. 4o.

Y 282; C 75

II Corinthians.

 700

A paraphrase and notes on the second Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians. London, printed for Awnsham and John Churchill, …, 1706. 58, [2] p. 4o.

Y 283; C 75

Romans.

 701

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans. London, printed for Awnsham and John Churchill, …, 1707. 142, [2] p. 4o.

Y 284; C 75

Romans.   Dutch.

New

*701A

De Brief aan den Romeinen, met een doorgaande uitbreiding en redegevende aantekeningen opgeheldert. Amsterdam, Kornelis de Wit. [before or in 1739]. 4o.

Unverified; advertised in Locke #32.

Reprinted: Amsterdam, A. van der Kroe. 1768. 4o. Unverified; source: Abkoude, p. 320.

Y 296; Schoneveld *[12]

Ephesians.

 702

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistle of St. Paul to the Ephesians. London, printed for Awnsham and John Churchill, …, 1707. 60 p. 4o.

Y 285; C 75

An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles.

  —

Included in collected editions of A paraphrase and notes, and in St. John’s edition of the Reasonableness [Locke #649]. It was printed in 1826 by Sparks [Locke #876].

 703

An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself. London, printed for Awnsham and John Churchill, …, 1707. xxiv p. 4o.

Y 286; C 75

New

703A

“An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself.” // IN: The American magazine. September, 1744:529-540.

Introductory letter signed: J.B.

Followed by a reprint of the anonymous biographical sketch first published in 1705.

 704

Locke’s Essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles ; and, LeClerc on inspiration. – Boston : Wells and Lilly, 1820. – 130 p.

Preface signed: A.N. [Andrews Norton]; see entry in Chapter 5.

 705

An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles / by John Locke. – Boston : printed for the American Unitarian Association [by] Gray and Bowen, 1831. – 24 p. – (Tracts of the American Unitarian Association. First series ; no. 45)

Also: 2nd ed. – Boston : printed for the American Unitarian Association [by] J. Munroe, 1831.

New

*705A

John Locke on editing St. Paul : being his preface to An essay for the understanding of St. Paul's Epistles : by consulting St. Paul himself. – New York : Book Arts Press, 1988. – 32, [1] p.

Title on cover: John Locke consults St. Paul himself.

An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles.   Selections.

 706

“Extract from the preface to Locke’s Paraphrase and notes on four of Paul’s Epistles.” // IN: The Christian baptist / edited by Alexander Campbell. – Revised by D.S. Burnet, from the 2nd ed. with Mr. Campbell’s last corrections. – Cincinnati : D.S. Burnet, 1848. – p. 194.

An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles   Dutch.

New

*706A

Proeve om de Brieven van den ap. Paulus op de beste wyze to leeren verstaan. Amsterdam, Kornelis de Wit. [before or in 1739]. 8o.

Unverified; advertised in Locke #32.

Schoneveld *[13]

An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles.   French.

  —

A French translation by Jean Le Clerc was included in Oeuvres diverses (1732) [Locke #869, tome. 2:92-145]; reprinted in Locke #662A (1999)

An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles.   Italian.

 707

Saggio su l’entendimento delle Epistole di S. Paolo / Giovanni Locke ; traduzione e nota introduttiva del Dr. Francesco A. Ferrari. – Lanciano : R. Carabba, 1919. – 91 p. – (Cultura dell’anima)

“Giovanni Locke, introduttore del metodo storico negli studi biblici : nota introdduttiva” (p. 5-47); see entry in Chapter 5.

M 4,102

  —

An Italian translation by Mario Sina was included in Locke #873.

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistes of St. Paul (collected)

 708

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, I & II Corinthians, Romans, Ephesians. To which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself. London, printed by J.H. for Awnsham and John Churchill, …, 1707. [4]; xxiv; [4], 43, [1]; [4], 107, [1]; 58, [2]; 142, [2]; 60 p. 4o.

Consists of a new title page, plus sheets of An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles (1707) [Locke #703], and the paraphases on Galations (1706) [Locke #695], on I Corinthians (1706) [Locke #698], on II Corinthians (1706) [Locke #700], on Romans (1707) [Locke #701] and on Ephesians (1707) [Locke #702], each with its own original title page and separate page numbering; some copies have the books in a different order or different editions of Galatians and/or I Corinthians.

Review: Le Clerc, Bibl.Ch. (1707)

Y 287; C 75-76

 709

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, I & II Corinthians, Romans, Ephesians. To which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself. The second edition. London, printed by J.H. for Awnsham and John Churchill, … 1709. [4]; xxiv; [4], 43,[1]; [4], 107, [1]; 58; 142; 60 p. 4o.

Consists of a new title page, plus sheets of the individual works as above, except that it contains the 2nd or 3rd edition of Galatians and/or the 2nd edition of I Corinthians.

Review: Anon., Hist.Wks.Learned (1708)

Y 288; C 76

  —

A paraphrase and notes was included in the collected edition of Locke’s Works (1714) [Locke #848] and in subsequent editions.

 710

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, I & II Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians. To which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself. The third edition. London: printed for A. Bettesworth, and C. Hitch, …; J. Pemberton, …; and E. Symon, … M.DCC.XXXIII [1733]. xx, 404 p. 4o.

Y 289

 711

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, I & II Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians. To which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself. The fourth edition. Dublin: printed by S. Powell, for Edward Exshaw, …, MDCCXXXVIII [1738]. 477, [3] p. 8o.

Y 290

New

*711A

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, I & II Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians. To which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself. The fourth edition. London: printed for John Beecroft, … M,DCC,XLII [1742]. 477, [3] p. 8o.

Consists of sheets from the 1738 ed., with a new title page and final gathering.

Y 291

 712

A paraphrase and notes on the epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, I & II Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians. To which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself. By John Locke, Esq; The fourth edition. London: printed for A. Ward, S. Birt, T. Osborn, C. Hitch, J. Oswald, A. Millar, J. Hodges, J. Pemberton, F. Gosling, and T. Cooper. MDCCXLII [1742]. xx, 401[=404] p. 4o.

Y 292

 713

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, I & II Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians. To which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself. By John Locke, Esq; The fifth edition. London: printed for S. Birt, T. Walthoe, T. Longman, T. Osborn, C. Hitch and L. Hawes, J. Oswald, A. Millar, J. Hodges, J. and J. Rivington, J. Ward, and M. Cooper. MDCCLI [1751]. xx, 404 p. 4o.

Y 293

 714

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, I & II Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians. To which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself. By John Locke, Esq; The sixth edition. London: printed for A. Miller, H. Woodfall, J. Whiston and B. White, J. Rivington[,] L. Davis and C. Reymers, R. Baldwin; Hawes, Clarke, and Collins; W. Johnston, W. Owen, J. Richardson, S. Crowder, T. Longman, B. Law, C. Rivington, E. Dilly, R. Withy, C. and R. Ware, S. Baker, T. Payne, A. Schuckburgh, and J. Hinxman. MDCCLXIII [1763]. xx, 404 p. 4o.

Y 294

 715

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, Corinthians, Romans and Ephesians. To which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself. By John Locke, Esq. London: printed for T. Longman, B. Law and Son, J. Johnson, C. Dilly, G.G. and J. Robinson, T. Cadell, J. Sewell, W. Otrdige [sic], W. Richardson, F. and C. Rivington, W. Goldsmith, T. Payne, Leigh and Sotheby, S. Hayes, R. Faulder, B. and J. White, W. Lowndes, G and T. Wilkie, and J. Walker. 1794. [2], 449, [7] p. 8o.

Reissue, with a cancel title leaf, of vol. 7 of the Works (1794)

Y 295

 716

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians ; to which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself / by John Locke, Esq. – London : J. Johnson [and others], 1801. – 449 p.

 717

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians ; to which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself / by John Locke, Esq. – New ed. – London : printed for W. Otridge [and others], 1812. – 495 p.

 718

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, I and II Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians ; to which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself / by John Locke, Esq. – London : printed for T. Tegg [and others], 1823. – 455 p.

 719

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Gallatians, First and Second Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians ; to which is prefix’d, An essay for the understanding of St. Paul’s Epistles, by consulting St. Paul himself / by John Locke. – Cambridge [Mass.] : Brown, Shattuck ; Boston : Hilliard, Gray, 1832. – 455 p.

A Paraphrase and Notes on the Epistles of St Paul

Rev.

 720

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St Paul to the Galatians, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Romans, Ephesians / John Locke ; edited by Arthur W. Wainwright. – Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1987. – 2 vol. (ix, 833 p.). – (The Clarendon edition of the works of John Locke)

ISBN 978-0-19-924801-9 (vol. 1); 978-0-19-824806-4 (pbk.)

Includes “Introduction” (p. 1-88); transcripts of the following manuscripts: Drafts for a preface (p. 664-667), The chronology of Paul’s Epistles (p. 668-670), “Epistles in general” (p. 671), ’Difficulties in St Paul’s Epistles” (p. 672-674), “Spirit, soul, and body” (p. 675-678), “Resurrectio et quae sequuntur” (p. 679-684), “Notes on 1 Corinthians XV” (p. 685), “Christianae religionis brevis delineatio” (p. 686-688), and “Synopsis epistolarum Pauli” (p. 689-690); and a description of Locke’s interleaved Bible, Testaments, and New Testament notebook (p. 691-695)

Review; J. Marshall, “John Locke’s religious, educational, and moral thought” (1990)

LNL 19:13

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul.   French.

  —

Le Clerc’s review of A paraphrase [Locke #708 note] contains extracts in French.

A paraphrase and notes on the Epistles of St. Paul.   German.

*711

Johan Locke’s paraphrastische Erklärung und Anmärkungen über S. Pauli Briefe an die Galater[,] Korinther[,] Römer und Epheser[.] Zwey Bände aus dem Englischen übersetzt und mit Anmärkungen zu Erläuterung, Beurtheilung und Widerlegung versehen von D. Johann Georg Hofmann … Frankfurt am Mayn[,] in der Andreaischen Buchhandlung 1768-69. 2 vols. ([2], XII, [12], 360; XXVIII, 464 p.)

For the introduction by Johann David Michaelis, see entry in Chapter 5.

Reprinted in [1773].

Y 297; C 76

Early notices of A paraphrase and notes …

[722]

[Jenkin, R.] Remarks on some books lately publish’d (1709)

[723]

Coole, B. Some brief observations on the Paraphrase and notes of the judicious John Lock:

relating to the women’s exercising their spiritual gifts in the church (1714)